The Special Capital Region of Jakarta, located on the north coast of western Java, has thirteen major rivers. The region contains 664 square kilometres (256 sq mi) of land and 6,977 square kilometres (2,694 sq mi) of water.
- 1 How many running rivers run through Jakarta?
- 2 Where is the Ciliwung River located?
- 3 What is Jakarta the capital of?
- 4 How many islands does Indonesia have?
- 5 How many rivers are there in Indonesia?
- 6 Why is Jakarta river so polluted?
- 7 How many people live along the Ciliwung river?
- 8 Who made Jakarta?
- 9 Who created Jakarta?
- 10 What does Jakarta mean in English?
- 11 How Indonesia got its name?
- 12 How many volcanoes are in Indonesia?
- 13 How many countries are in Indonesia?
How many running rivers run through Jakarta?
13 Rivers intersect the city and every year floods occur in Jakarta. Widespread flooding occurred in 1996, 2002 and 2007, inundating up to 40% of the city. Increasing popula- tion pressure and soil subsidence (10 cm/year or more) of areas already under mean sea level lead to an autonomous increase of flood risk.
Where is the Ciliwung River located?
Ciliwung River (Kali Ciliwung) is one of the main rivers in Java Island in Indonesia. Ciliwung River flows through cities, such as Bogor, Depok and Jakarta.
What is Jakarta the capital of?
Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea).
How many islands does Indonesia have?
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. There are total number of 17,508 islands of which about 6000 are inhabited.
How many rivers are there in Indonesia?
Context in source publication The Indonesian major rivers identified in the NEWS-2 are 170 rivers, while the world’s major rivers reach 6000 rivers.
Why is Jakarta river so polluted?
The river is heavily polluted by human activity; about five million people live in its basin. Textile factories in Bandung and Cimahi were major toxic waste contributors. More than 2,000 industries contaminate 5,020 sq miles of the river with lead, mercury, arsenic, and other toxins.
How many people live along the Ciliwung river?
50,000 people live along the Ciliwung, according to city data.
Who made Jakarta?
Historical evidence from Jakarta dates back to the 4th century CE, when it was a Hindu settlement and port. The city has been sequentially claimed by the Indianized kingdom of Tarumanegara, the Hindu Kingdom of Sunda, the Muslim Sultanate of Banten, and by Dutch, Japanese and Indonesian administrations.
Who created Jakarta?
The first settlements on the site of Jakarta were established at the mouth of the Ciliwung, perhaps as early as the 5th century ad. The city’s official history, however, starts in 1527, when the sultan of Bantam defeated the Portuguese there and called the place Jayakerta (Sundanese: “Glorious Fortress”).
What does Jakarta mean in English?
Its name ‘Jakarta’ derives from the word Jayakarta (Devanagari: जयकर्त) which is ultimately derived from the Sanskrit जय jaya (victorious) and कृत krta (accomplished, acquired), thus Jayakarta translates as ‘ victorious deed ‘, ‘complete act’ or ‘complete victory’.
How Indonesia got its name?
Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II,
How many volcanoes are in Indonesia?
It can be said that Indonesia is a country having the most active volcanoes in the world. Indonesia has a great number of volcanoes in the world. There are 147 volcanoes, and 76 of them are the active volcanoes and spread along the islands of Sumatra, Java, Celebes, and Lesser Sunda (Figure 1).
How many countries are in Indonesia?
Indonesia is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. The country’s capital, Jakarta, is the world’s second-most populous urban area.